v.1 is RISD’s student-led publication. Its form and content change from year to year (it’s always “volume 1”).

Info & Submission Guidelines ︎

Pandemic Publishing ︎

  1. Call for Submissions, SOS Edition
  2. 3.29.20 Irina V. Wang
  3. Let Yourself Be Lifted Jackie Scott
  4. Art Is Everything Jen Liese
  5. Two Poems Ella Rosenblatt
  6. Living Room Dance Party Ariel Wills
  7. On Walking When Walking Is Advised Against Keavy Handley-Byrne
  8. Untitled Cita Devlin
  9. Ads in Corona Hannah Oatman
  10. COVID-19 and Communitas Elaine Lopez
  11. A Time for Pie Elizabeth Burmann
  12. How to Stay Motivated When You’re Stuck at Home Clarisse Angkasa
  13. Coerced Harmony (A Tour) Hammad Abid
  14. Zooming In and Out Tongji Philip Qian
  15. [Form] Ciara Carlyle
  16. Hi.txt Dan Luo
  17. A poem about boredom, a composite Maixx Culver-Hagins
  18. Eyewitness News Tristram Lansdowne
  19. Distance Maps Marcus Peabody
  20. Therapeutic Suggestion Maria Aliberti Lubertazzi
  21. Keep Your Heart Six Feet Away From Mine (and other moments) Arielle Eisen
  22. Twenty Instructions for COVID-19 Charlott Isobel Dazan
  23. Cuerno 1 y 2 Yan Diego Estrella Wilson
  24. A Monolith of Grief Regarding the Absence of Touches, or Letter to a Future Lover García Sinclair
  25. Coronavirus by the Thousands Drew Dodge
  26. Two Poems Kathryn Li
  27. Beds Are Burning Aleks Dawson
  28. Still Lifes Yidan Wang
  29. Fragments of Seva Jagdeep Raina
  30. Packing Up and Staying Woojin Kim
  31. Chronic Pain and Fermentation Ralph Davis
  32. Quarantine Letters Hannah Moore
  33. Sounds of Silence: An Isolation Soundscape Dara Benno
  34. 14 Day Detox for Designers Erica Silver

Winter 2020

  1. From the Editors
  2. The Phantom Audience, or How to “Really Do It” Asher White
  3. Some Dry Season(ing) / 5 Tales in an Embryo Room Yuqing Liu
  4. Throwing Salt, Constructing the Homeland Ariel Wills
  5. Infinity Balloon Man Jack Zhou
  6. Texas Triptych Ali Dipp
  7. Phenomenology of Bones Chris Shen
  8. Erlking Yiqun Zhou
  9. Trouble in Reality Elena Foraker
  10. Family Stories Gina Vestuti
  11. Treasure Reilly Blum

Fall 2019
  1. From the Editors
  2. Architecture and Its Ghosts Xuan Liu
  3. Fit/O!de Jeff Katz
  4. Desde La Chinaca y La China Poblana Ariel Wills
  5. Ballast Tiger Dingsun
  6. Love Letters Brenda Rodriguez
  7. The Anxieties of Plant-sitting Carol Demick
  8. Zadie & Teju Ariel Wills
  9. Smooth Stones Ali Dipp 
  10. Kantha’s Melodies Michelle Dixon
  11. Glory West Megan Solis
  12. The 50 Best Albums of the 2010s Asher White

Spring 2019

  1. From the Editors
  2. A Room without a View: Reflections on Studio Practice from a Privileged Poor Chantal Feitosa
  3. Between the Battlements Jeremy Wolin

  4. Accessing Color: Dissecting the Harvard Art Museum’s Forbes Pigment Collection Makoto Kumasaka
  5. British Club Tattoos Nasser Alzayani
  6. Making Space: Creativity and Resilience in War-Time Sri Lanka Elizabeth Dean Hermann
  7. How to Become Trans: A Proposal for the Modern-Day Gender-Agnostic Asher White
  8. Making It Up: A Conversation with Kent Kleinman Wen Zhuang
  9. “In Peace”: A Conversation with Matthew Shenoda Mays Albaik
  10. Suburbia_hours.mov Nora Mayer
  11. Negative Spaces Emily Wright
  12. Centerfold: Urgency Lab
  13. Rise Up: The Sunrise Movement Takes Root in Rhode Island Irina V. Wang
  14. After Strand Nafis White and García Sinclair
  15. Soldiers of Love? Karen Schiff
  16. Decoding Ghosts Molly Hastings
  17. An Annotated Bibliography Eli Backer
  18. Jesus, Marilyn, and Britney: Relationships between Religion and Celebrity Culture Nina Yuchi
  19. The Social (Antique) Network: Empathy in the Age of Digital Antiquing Zola Anderson
  20. My Little Episodes Michael Brandes
  21. Seeking Fair Game on Hidden Fields Reilly Blum
  22. The Should Be Here Is Not Here Joss Liao
  23. Index of Agency Sophie Chien
  24. Don’t Eat the Models Barbara Stehle
  25. Hypothetical Drink Personality Test: Who Said What, and When? Eliza Chen
  26. Dear Arabic Mohammed Nassem

Fall 2018 

  1. From the Editors
  2. How to Make a Person: A Recipe Mays Albaik
  3. Providence Votes Marcus Peabody
  4. Encounters with the Codex: Redefining Forms of Publication June Yoon
  5. How to Encounter a Puddle Anny Li
  6. A Brief List of Premises from a Maker Stuck with Paper, Politics, and Performance Yasi Alipour
  7. Art Writing and the Place of the “I” Randy Kennedy
  8. Written in Stone: Lineage, Legacy, and Letterforms Irina V. Wang
  9. The Unbearable Whiteness of Being (a Graphic Designer) Tiger Dingsun
  10. Colliers/Necklaces Théïa Flynn
  11. When One Door Closes: Examining Issues of Space and Student Curation on Campus Wen Zhuang
  12. Addressing the Empty Plinth: Lessons from Gallery Shows and Public Art Jeremy Wolin
  13. Modern Usage: In Conversation with Remeike Forbes Eliza Chen and Tiger Dingsun
  14. Dangling Threads: Remaining Unclear in Capital Everett Epstein
  15. A Vagabond Viking Voyage and Midsummer Daydream Mike Fink
  16. Everything is Interdependent Angela Dufresne
  17. La Bolita Elaine Lopez
  18. Bread Day Olive B. Godlee
  19. Against the Archive Satpreet Kahlon

2017 - 2018 

  1. Birds, Bees, and Beyond: The Nature Lab Evolves
  2. Concrete Mixer Drum Solo
  3. Negative Spaces
  4. “Printer Prosthetics” at NYABF
  5. On Writing: Nader Tehrani and Katie Faulkner
  6. On Writing: Marie Law Adams and Dan Adams
  7. On Writing: Kunlé Adeyemi
  8. Connecting Food and Design
  9. Remixing Architectural Discourse
  10. Genesis : 1: Beret Shit
  11. “No voy a actuar en el mundo antes de entenderlo”: Una conversación con Alfredo Jaar
  12. “I Will Not Act in the World Before Understanding the World”: A Conversation with Alfredo Jaar
  13. Imagining Irmgard
  14. Afterwords: Bite
  15. Afterwords: Portals
  16. Afterwords: Calendar
  17. Seeking Drafts

14 Day Detox for Designers:
The Ultimate Weight Loss Guide for Your Ego

Erica Silver (BFA GD 2020)


The first thing that I learned as an enthusiastic, ready-to-save-the-world design student was the difference between an artist and a designer. My professors repeated many times that it lies in the presence of the audience, that an artist can create work for themselves but a designer cannot create work without the audience. The audience is not just a set of eyes that witnesses the end but a fundamental part of the work itself, because they are both the subject and the object. Their reaction and response—expected or unexpected—is what defines the work. This is so crucial that we now go as far as to create audiences with imaginary people, personas, with little faces and ethnically ambiguous names. The ultimate goal here is to find everything about the audience: what they want, what they need, and what they expect. So what happens to designers when the audience suddenly disappears? What if, only a big IF, the audience cannot exist due to a global pandemic crisis that forces everyone out of school and their places of work? What if the audience doesn’t want, need, or expect anything from us? What if our creative input is the last thing on their mind?1 

I can’t treat this pandemic as an opportunity to “explore the digital realm” or to find “radical creativity” as the school’s heart-wrenchingly inspiring email blasts suggest. Celebrities singing “Imagine” have done enough damage and the last thing we need is another hashtag or TikTok challenge. Designers’ constant production of disposable work is not going to save the world, either. In fact, the perpetual circulation of Design Thinking solutions is irresponsible, and does nothing but prove designers’ incurable self-importance. If revolutionary leader is an oxymoron because the leader isn’t important in a revolution2, design solution is also an oxymoron because the design isn’t important in a solution. But the industry’s obsession with innovation3 has taught designers to be clever all the time and now we don’t know when to shut up. Why can’t solitude and silence be a solution for once? I can’t seem to motivate or even to justify my creativity, and it’s an identity crisis: what should a designer, who has been taught to create work for the audience, do when the audience wants to be left alone? Do I suddenly become an artist for myself or do I stay a designer with imaginary friends personas?

My questions may seem overly critical or outdated because we no longer use the word audience. It’s been replaced with other terms like the public, market, consumers, customers, users, clients, or patrons, and we are now required to approach them with a specific motive. A designer can choose (1) to criticize the public, (2) to influence the market, (3) to encourage consumers, or (4) to please clients. Hierarchy replaced neutrality, and the project is done before it even begins. The audience is no longer important but fulfilling the motive is, and the designers are expected to sell their product, not their service. This categorization of the audience has also created an unspoken class system within the design community. Designers who design for the public or the market—creating signs, tags, documents, labels, or back of the cereal box—are now considered laborers, while those who design for their patrons or fellow designers are considered Real Designers. Calling all designers “petite bourgeoisie”4 is now inaccurate because we have clearly established that the people who design to pay the bills are not the same as the people who Design with a capital D.5

As a student pursuing a degree in design at a private art school, I am culpable in this culture that I'm criticizing more than anyone else. I’m responsible for further enabling the idea that the qualification of a designer is obtained through a financial transaction, and that there is a difference in designer’s worth depending on where that transaction has taken place. I realized that this idea, endorsed and promoted by design education, undermines the definition of a designer that it’s teaching, as it leaves the audience out of the equation. I secretly hope that there’s a parallel universe where professors and lecturers don’t start their sentence with when I was at Yale School of Art or when I was working at IBM because it’s not only irrelevant but emphasizes the lack of audience in the system: designers designing for designers, or designers teaching designers who later become designers who teach designers that teach…you get the idea. This emphasis on laborers vs. Real Designers looks almost like overcompensation for the design industry’s close ties to capitalism. We chose to divide ourselves before choosing ethical design, to preserve our ego.

I realize that I’m criticizing the thing I love most—the design community. But Mr. Baldwin told me that I get the right to do so for that very reason.6 So consider this writing and the following guide a proposal. I propose that we do a “detox.” I propose that we re-learn the existing definition before innovation. I propose that we stop the ego-filled making-for-the-sake-of-making, echo-chamber-concert, and overcompensation-turned-cannibalism, because I truly believe that design is more than that.

1Dazed. “My Degree Show Was Cancelled – What Can I Do Instead? The White Pube Advise,” March 25, 2020. https:/www.dazeddigital.com/art-photography/article/48487/1/my-degree-show-was-cancelled-what-can-i-do-instead-the-white-pube-advise?fbclid=IwAR2ew5fWzNerDRT2nGT0L5XTt9rv5fB4nn7WTrYEdVzNAAQZgQD4M6U7_BI.

2Danielle Aubert, “In the 1970s, The Detroit Printing Co-Op Showed the Revolutionary Potential of Design,” Eye on Design, February 11, 2020, eyeondesign.aiga.org/in-the-1970s-the-detroit-printing-co-op-showed-the-revolutionary-potential-of-design/.
Bierut, Michael. “Innovation Is the New Black.” Essay. In 79 Short Essays on Design, 217–19. New York: Princeton Architectural Press, 2007.

Guy Julier, “Designers As 'Cultural Intermediaries',” in The Culture of Design (Los Angeles, CA: SAGE Publications, 2013), pp. 54-55.

Pilar Viladas, “Design With a Capital D,” The New York Times Magazine (The New York Times, April 18, 2004), www.nytimes.com/2004/04/18/magazine/design-with-a-capital-d.html.

6Baldwin, James. “I love America more than any other country in the world and, exactly for this reason, I insist on the right to criticize her perpetually.”


  1. The appendix is equally, if not more, important than the guide itself. However, I recommend reading them after each day to prevent influence over your response.
  2. The resources in the appendix are not a direct reference. They do not provide answers.
  3. The resources in the appendix are not a direct representation of my personal opinion. I may or may not agree with the authors.
The resources indicated with an asterisk (*) are the documentation of my personal journey in following the guide. They are meant to be used as a motivational device, not an example.

Day 1
Notice the labor design around you: labels, tags, or back of the cereal box.
Day 2
Notice the unclaimed design around you: notes, graffiti, or signs at a rally.
Day 3
Write down 5 things that design can never fix.
Day 4
Write down 5 things that design refuses to fix. 
Day 5
Make something without your usual tools. No Sketch, Rhino3D, or Adobe Creative Cloud.
Day 6
Make something but do not post it anywhere. Not on Instagram, Behance, or your personal website.
Day 7
Make something by following someone’s instruction. Give up control.
Day 8
Make something but credit it as unknown designer. Give up ownership.
Day 9
Offer your tools to others. Share resources.
Day 10
Invite others to modify your work. Share authorship.
Day 11
Redirect your audience to someone else. Share recognition.
Day 12
Dig out the very first design you have ever made.
Day 13
Imagine the very last design you’ll ever make.
Day 14
Do nothing (or read Jenny Odell’s How to Do Nothing).


Day 1

Nutrition fact labels in my pantry; a growing archive. Screenshotted on April 6, 2020.

Aubert, Danielle. The Detroit Printing Co-Op: the Politics of the Joy of Printing. Los Angeles, CA: Inventory Press, 2019.

Brown, J. Dakota. “Typography, Automation, and the Division of Labor: A Brief History.” OtherForms, November 27, 2019. otherforms.net/typography-automation-and-the-division-of-labor-a-brief-history/.

Garrison, Mark. “Ever Wonder Who Makes Those Big Highway Signs?” Marketplace, April 29, 2019. www.marketplace.org/2015/09/22/ever-wonder-who-makes-those-big-highway-signs/.

Graphic Means: A History of Graphic Design Production. Directed by Briar Levit. USA, 2017.

Plescher, Matt. “High and Low Art.” The Rapidian. Grand Rapids Community Media Center, October 3, 2013. www.therapidian.org/high-and-low-art.

Day 2

Barbey, Bruno. FRANCE. Paris. May 68. Forbidden to Forbid. 1968. Magnum Photos, New York City.

France-Amérique. “May '68: All Power to the Slogans!” France, April 26, 2018. france-amerique.com/en/may-68-all-power-to-the-slogans/

“Free Printable Coronavirus Signage.” Signs.com. Accessed May 19, 2020.

Waldner, Lisa K., and Betty A. Dobratz. “Graffiti as a Form of Contentious Political Participation.” Sociology Compass 7, no. 5 (2013): 377–89. doi.org/10.1111/soc4.12036.

A discourse on the concept of “understanding” found on an elevator; the second note (right) appeared a week after the first one. Photo taken on May 11, 2020.

Day 3
Murray, Christine. “‘Design Can't Solve All Our Problems, so Stop Pretending It Can.’” Dezeen, July 5, 2019. www.dezeen.com/2019/07/02/design-cant-solve-problems-christine-murray/.

Rock, Michael. “Fuck Content.” 2x4, 2009. 2x4.org/ideas/2009/fuck-content/.

Tighe, Colleen. “Design Is Not Neutral.” The Baffler, January 8, 2019. thebaffler.com/odds-and-ends/design-is-not-neutral-tighe.

Weaver, Jesse. “Design Won't Save the World.” Medium, August 15, 2018. medium.com/@hairyelefante/design-is-not-going-to-save-the-world-8985870471a5.

Day 4
Chen, Alex. “Design for Accessibility: Steps Toward Radical Disability Justice.” Lecture at the Better World by Design, Providence, RI. September 2019.

Bolt, Laura. “Women Make Up Over Half the Design Industry–So Why Are There So Few at the Top?” Eye on Design, March 30, 2020. eyeondesign.aiga.org/women-make-up-more-than-half-of-the-design-industry-but-how-do-they-get-to-the-top/.

Buzon, Darin. “Design Thinking Is a Rebrand for White Supremacy.” Medium, April 29, 2020. medium.com/@dabuzon/design-thinking-is-a-rebrand-for-white-supremacy-b3d31aa55831.

Rudnick, David. Twitter Post. December 4, 2016, 5:54 PM. twitter.com/David_Rudnick/status/805545951368617984.

White, Erin. “Trans-Inclusive Design.” A List Apart, May 9, 2019. https://alistapart.com/article/trans-inclusive-design/.

Day 5

Jobson, Christopher. “Meet Tatsuo Horiuchi, the 77-Year-Old Artist Who 'Paints' Japanese Landscapes With Excel.” Colossal, December 4, 2017. www.thisiscolossal.com/2017/12/tatsuo-horiuchi-excel-artist/.

Lee, Dami. “Adobe Is Cutting off Users in Venezuela Due to US Sanctions.” The Verge. The Verge, October 8, 2019. www.theverge.com/2019/10/7/20904030/adobe-venezuela-photoshop-behance-us-sanctions.

Macharyas, Jeff. “Expensive Tools Aren't the Only Option for Graphic Design (and Never Were).” Opensource.com. Red Hat Inc., August 1, 2016. https://opensource.com/life/16/8/open-source-alternatives-graphic-design.

Ong, Jyni. “Anja Kaiser Challenges the Design Industry's Neoliberal Working Conditions to Shake up the Status Quo.” It's Nice That. Bureau for Visual Affairs, April 16, 2020. www.itsnicethat.com/articles/anja-kaiser-undisciplined-toolkit-graphic-design-160420.

Pipkin, Everest. “Open Source, Experimental, and Tiny Tools Roundup.” Google Docs. Google, February 19, 2020. everest-pipkin.com/teaching/tools.html.

This guide was made in Google Docs as my continuing effort to combat Adobesession. Started on May 13, 2019.

Day 6
Dullaart, Constant. “Balconism: A Manifesto.” Art Papers, April 2014. www.artpapers.org/balconism/.

Fred, Nicolaus. “Instagram Is Phasing out Likes. Should Designers Care?” Business of Home, November 15, 2019. businessofhome.com/articles/instagram-is-phasing-out-likes-should-designers-care.

Cloyd, Allison. “If It Doesn't Exist on the Internet, It Doesn't Exist.” Elective Affinities Conference, University of Pennsylvania, September 2005. writing.upenn.edu/epc/authors/goldsmith/if_it_doesnt_exist.html.

Ho, Karen K. “If an Asian American Author Doesn't Have a Wikipedia Page, Do They Exist?” The Outline, May 16, 2018. theoutline.com/post/4560/asian-american-writers-wikipedia-edit-a-thon-kundiman-aaww?zd=1.

Wall, Kim. “The Weekly Package: How Cubans Deliver Culture without Internet.” Harper's Magazine, July 2017. harpers.org/archive/2017/07/the-weekly-package/.

Day 7

Blanton Museum of Art. “Time Lapse of Sol LeWitt's ‘Wall Drawing #797." YouTube video, 1:06. July 8, 2014. www.youtube.com/watch?v=Gc-c-pYGCrw.

Inside Edition. “Woman Gets People to Smile with Silly Sign.” YouTube video, 1:20. April 29, 2020. www.youtube.com/watch?v=tjOUwEyImuU

Lynam, Ian. Start Somewhere: A Handbook Of Dubious Exercises, Tips And Rants About Becoming A Designer Who Writes. Tokyo: Wordshape, 2016.

Ono Yoko. Grapefruit: A Book of Instructions and Drawings. New York, NY: Simon & Schuster, 2000.

Day 8
Wikipedia. “Copyleft.” Last modified May 8, 2020. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Copyleft.

Woo, Elaine. “Harvey Ball; Created ‘Smiley Face’ Design.” Los Angeles Times, April 14, 2001. www.latimes.com/archives/la-xpm-2001-apr-14-me-51031-story.html.

Youdontsay. “Memes: The Quintessential Postmodern Art Form.” Steemit, July 22, 2018. steemit.com/memes/@youdontsay/memes-the-quintessential-post-modern-art-form.

Unknown, [Geometric Abstraction], Screen print. 1970. 27 3/4 in. x 41 1/4 in. Wriston Art Center Galleries at Lawrence University. Appleton, WI.

Day 9
“Daido Moriyama: Printing Show.” Tate, October 12, 2012. www.tate.org.uk/art/artists/daido-moriyama-11595/daido-moriyama-printing-show.

The Combined New York Morning Papers, September 19, 1923. timesmachine.nytimes.com/timesmachine/1923/09/19/issue.html.

“Wikimedia Commons.” Accessed May 12, 2020. commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Main_Page.

Wikipedia. “Garden Sharing.” Last modified December 19, 2019. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Garden_sharing.

Hexamer, Reed. “Mutual Aid Flyer.” Google Drive. Google, March 13, 2020. drive.google.com/open?id=1XfCqfe74KxhtcXm2Mx4mmfAW-aIXRUgF.

I started offering free printing service after the lockdown; the requests ranged from Amazon return labels to tax documents. Started on April 17, 2020, on-going until public libraries open.   

Day 10
Balkin, Jeff, and Dan Michaelson. Sometimes it looks like a duck, sometimes it looks like a rabbit: Governance structures in graphic design, decorative form in law, and schools in the public sphere. Other. Yale School of Art, 2012. art.yale.edu/file_columns/0001/0417/balkin.pdf.

Michael Green's Graphic Medicine Channel. “Drawing Faces Jam With Lynda Barry.” YouTube video, 13:32. December 23, 2017.
“Neuhaus: Collaborative Worldbuilding.” Studio Moniker, May 19, 2019. neuhaus.world/.

Peeters, Marlies. “Designing in Liquid Times: Generative Graphic Design in an Age of Uncertainty.” Plot(s): Journal of Design Studies 3 (2016). adht.parsons.edu/designstudies/wp-content/uploads/sites/3/2016/08/Interior-Article-2.pdf.

Wikipedia, “Exquisite corpse.” Last modified April 19, 2020. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Exquisite_corpse.

Day 11
Acatia Finbow, "Suzanne Lacy, Silver Action 2013.” Performance At Tate: Into the Space of Art, Tate Research Publication, 2016. www.tate.org.uk/research/publications/performance-at-tate/case-studies/suzanne-lacy.

“Blank Poster.” Accessed May 12, 2020. blankposter.com/about/.

OLG 7017. “The Images of Architects edited by Valerio Olgiati.” YouTube video, 3:13, March 25, 2013. www.youtube.com/watch?v=WfCZvRYYyfA.

Thesisshows2020. “Thesis Shows 2020.” Instagram. April 1, 2020. www.instagram.com/thesisshows2020/.

Wikipedia. “One & Other.” Last modified March 6, 2020. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/One_%26_Other.

A curated list of COVID-19 related resources and projects. Posted on April 21, 2020 near the Community Cupboard on campus.

Day 12

What I consider my first design; the note (written by mom) reads “Jaeyeon’s work of art, 33 months-old.” Made on November 24th, 1999.

Jackson, Frank. “What Mary Didn't Know.” The Journal of Philosophy 83, no. 5 (1986): 291. doi.org/10.2307/2026143.

Lindgren, Jacob. “Graphic Design's Factory Settings.” Walker Art Center, January 2, 2020. walkerart.org/magazine/jacob-lindgren-graphic-designs-factory-settings.

Day 13
Braidotti, Rosi. “Posthuman, All Too Human.” Theory, Culture & Society 23, no. 7-8 (2006): 197–208. doi.org/10.1177/0263276406069232

McMorrough, John. "Design for the Apocalypse." Thresholds, no. 35 (2009): 16-19. Accessed May 21, 2020. www.jstor.org/stable/43876561.

Quito, Anne. “A Legendary Italian Designer Designed His Own Funeral, and He Didn't Miss a Detail.” Quartz. Quartz, May 27, 2016.

Wikipedia. “Svalbard Global Seed Vault.” Last modified April 17, 2020. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Svalbard_Global_Seed_Vault.

Day 14
Betancourt, Michael. The _______ Manifesto. Print. 1996. www.slideshare.net/MichaelBetancourt7/betancourt-the-manifesto-1996.

Haas, Susan Biali. “COVID-19: It's OK to Feel Overwhelmed and Be Unproductive.” Psychology Today. Sussex Publishers, March 25, 2020. www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/prescriptions-life/202003/covid-19-it-s-ok-feel-overwhelmed-and-be-unproductive.

Melville, Herman. Bartleby, the Scrivener. Hoboken, NJ: Melville House Pub., 2004.

Talks at Google. “How to Do Nothing: Resisting the Attention Economy by Jenny Odell.” YouTube video, 54:56, April 8, 2019. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=izjlP9qtmBU.


I would like to thank:

my advisor Ramon Tejada,

my classmates Ben Sampson, G Cha, Gabriel Abascal, Hye Jin Cho, Isobel Connelly, Jack Fahnestock, Pooja Nitturkar, Sara Martinez,

visiting critics Danielle Aubert, Jacqueline Shaw, Kelsey Dusenka, Pouya Ahmadi, Virginia Lee Montgomery,

Meredith Barrett from Center for Arts & Language,

Sue Mazzucco from Graphic Design department,

and those who offered kind words via Zoom, FaceTime, emails, phone calls, and text messages in these crazy, crazy times.

May 22, 2020
Written and designed by Erica Silver
Under the guidance of Ramon Tejada
This project was made as a thesis in fulfillment of a BFA in Graphic Design from the Rhode Island School of Design.